Discrimination

Discrimination is defined as an illegal or prohibited adverse employment or educational action, or harassment based on race, color, national origin, religion, sex, gender, gender expression, gender identity, pregnancy, physical or mental disability, medical condition (cancer-related or genetic characteristics), genetic information (including family medical history), ancestry, marital status, age, sexual orientation, citizenship, or service in the uniformed services.

Harassment is defined as Verbal or physical conduct that unreasonably interferes with a person’s work or education, or creates a hostile or offensive working or educational environment, when that conduct is based on a protected category,  (race, color, national origin, religion, sex, gender, gender expression, gender identity, pregnancy, physical or mental disability, medical condition (cancer-related or genetic characteristics), genetic information (including family medical history), ancestry, marital status, age, sexual orientation, citizenship, or service in the uniformed services).

Coffee Plant with one red coffee bloom and the rest are green.

For additional information on Discrimination regarding your options and support resources, please see the UC Davis Report Hate and Bias website.


What Are Legally Protected Characteristics or Categories?

The following characteristics and categories are protected by law, i.e. discrimination on the basis of these characteristics is illegal: 

  • Race
  • Color
  • National Origin
  • Religion
  • Sex
  • Gender
  • Gender expression
  • Gender identity
  • Pregnancy
  • Physical or Mental Disability
  • Medical Condition (cancer-related or genetic characteristics)
  • Genetic Information (including family medical history)
  • Ancestry
  • Marital Status
  • Age
  • Sexual Orientation
  • Citizenship
  • Service in the Uniformed Services

What Does Discrimination Look Like?

The following examples of discrimination would likely violate UC Davis policy:

  • Giving students unequal access to University programs based on their race (or other protected category).
  • Excluding a student from joining a University organization based on the student’s sexual orientation or national origin (or other protected category).
  • Denying an employment application because of that person’s age or religion (or other protected category).
  • Charging women more money than men to join the recreation center.
  • Failing to make reasonable accommodations for a student or employee with a disability.
Inquiries may also be directed to:
The Assistant Secretary for Civil Rights of the Department of Education
San Francisco Office
U.S. Department of Education
50 Beale Street, Suite 7200
San Francisco, CA 94105-1813
415-486-5555
OCR.SanFrancisco@ed.gov